St. George Basilica is located as number III on official Prague Castle ticket and tour. St. George Basilica is oldest surviving church among buildings in Prague Castle in Czech Republic. Basilica is founded in 920 year by duke of Bohemia Vratislaus I. As you can see from the title, it’s dedicated to Saint George. At Prague Castle you can find Saint George Statue as well. The basilica is considerably expanded around 973 with the increase of the Benedictine St. George’s Abbey. It’s remodeled complying a big fire in 1142. The Baroque Style and frontal facade goes back from the late 17th century. An Gothic expressive style chapel is dedicated to saint Ludmila of Bohemia and chapel is holding tomb of the mentioned saint. Two more things you can see in Basilica are shrines of Vratislav and Boleslaus II of Bohemia. The prioress from these community accepted the aright to coronate the Bohemian queens assort.
Today, this building is host to 19th century Bohemian Art Collection of National Gallery in Prague and at the same time it is one of many concert halls across the city of Prague.
The Basilica was the first convent of Benedictine nuns in Bohemia and its first abbess became the sister of the Prince Boleslav II. – Mlada. The nunnery was the important institution of the mediaeval Czech state. The titul the princess-abbess was connected with the privilege to crown to Czech quenn. Also the further abbesses came from royal family or of the high aristocracy. After the fire during the siege of the castle in 1142 damaged basilica and convent were rebuilt in the top Romanesque style. Anjoining the convent arose a row of workshops of art that produced numerous outstanding illuminated manuscripts, musical composition and works of arts. In the second half of 14th century the reconstruction of the basilica and convent undertour the building lodge under the supervision of Peter Parler. In the time of the Hussite wars and before Thirty years’ war the convent lost its importance. The last big restoration was made in 1657 – 1680. In 1718 – 1722 the capel of St.John of Nepomuk was built on to the southern wall of the Baroque facade. In 1782 in the time of reforms of Josef II. the convent was abolished. In 1897 – 1908 came to restoration of the basilica under the supervision of Dipl.ing Mach and church got back its characteristic mediaeval outlook.